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Setting up security

Here you will find some hints and tips on how to stop hackers from compromising your store.

Preventive Measures

  1. Rename your admin folder
  2. Lock down admin access
  3. Use secure passwords
  4. CHMOD your files to the correct settings - Check Permissions
  5. Turn off tell a friend
  6. Enable the reCaptcha Form
  7. Monitor unauthorised file changes - Sitemonitor
  8. Make sure you have installed all of the security patches (these are not optional)
  9. Check your local machine for Malware, Keyloggers, Trojans, etc.

The Cure

  • What to do if you are hacked?

1. Rename your admin folder

osCmax v2.5 and above has the functionality to allow you to change your admin folder name when installing the software. It is strongly advised that you do change the name. If you have not changed it and wish to now please follow the instructions below:

  • Open catalog/admin/includes/configure.php
  • Edit these lines:
define('DIR_WS_ADMIN', '/catalog/admin/');

define('DIR_FS_ADMIN', '/home/mystore.com/www/public/catalog/admin/');

Your existing path to your installation will vary depending on your hosting environment

  • The more obscure the name the better - try to use numbers and letters.
  • rename your /catalog/admin directory to your chosen name.

If you have an SSL certificate then access your new admin directory securely.

2. Lock down admin access

3. Use secure passwords

  • Ensure that users use secure passwords - letters, numbers, upper and lower case, symbols etc
  • Make sure you use these password throughout ie. on your admin, FTP, Windows Login, etc.

4. CHMOD your files to the correct settings

The most common cause of hacks is code inserted into unprotected files and folders.

  • Folders should be CHMOD to a maximum of 755.
  • Files should be CHMOD to a maximum of 644.
  • Both configure files should be a maximum of 444.

However, if you are using suPHP on your server (ask your host if you are not sure or run this suPHP check) then …

  • Files should be CHMOD to a maximum of 600.
  • Both configure files should be a maximum of 400

Some servers do not allow you to change the permissions via FTP. You can however change them using the File Manager in cPanel.

Install Check Permissions

  • Install Check Permissions which goes through your entire site to check that all your files are set to the correct CHMOD.
  • It will also check you have removed the install directory, renamed your admin and checks you have a backup directory.
  • Once you have checked your site - you can then update all of the incorrectly CHMOD files.

If you are a slightly more advanced user you can use a tip from Michael_S for setting this directly on the server.

These commands can be run from the linux command line or from an executable file via cronjob.

Here is the command run to set all directories:

find . -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \ ;

Here is the command run to set all php files:

find . -type f -name “*.php” | xargs chmod 644

5. Turn off tell a friend

This infobox allows unscrupulous users to use your server to send emails out to people.

  • Disable this infobox by going to Admin –> Infoboxes –> Press the red icon next to the box.

6. Enable the reCaptcha form on your contact us page

  • Enable the Captcha form by opening your admin panel
  • Go to Configuration → Templates → reCaptcha Form
  • Go to reCaptcha website and open an account to get a key
  • Set the Enable to true
  • Enter your Public Key
  • Enter your Private Key

7. Monitor unauthorised file changes

In order to do this you will need to install SiteMonitor.

8. Make sure you have installed all of the security patches

Make sure that you installed all of the security updates for osCmax. You can get updates about osCmax from Michael_S's blog

9. Check your local machine for Malware, Keyloggers, Trojans, etc.

There are a number of decent freeware or open source anti-virus and anti-malware packages available for download.

The Cure

(Some possibilities)

What to do if you are hacked?

Okay the worst has happened … Here is what you need to do: (Source: Michael_S, osCmax forums)

  1. Do a complete scan on all your work computers (machines that you access your site from). Make sure you have no malware, trojans, viruses, etc. Once you have certified your machines are clean go to step 2.
  2. Change all your passwords. This includes ALL passwords related to your site. FTP (all ftp accounts), Control Panel, osCmax admin panel (all admin accounts), mysql database password, email account passwords.
  3. If you have a clean backup, completely wipe your files (all directories and files). Then restore your clean backup. This will guarantee no backdoor files left hidden somewhere in your file tree.
  4. Double check all of the admin settings including email addresses, payment details, store name, copy emails to etc.
  5. Lock down permissions. This means absolutely no directories or files with 777 permissions at a bare minimum. You should remove write permissions from all directories and files that do not need it.
  6. Change behavior - stop using clear text email and ftp. Only use encrypted email (pop3/smtp logins and data transmission) and encrypted ftp (FTPS, FTPES or SFTP).
  7. Consider the sites that you visit, with the machine that you access your shop/bank etc. with. Is your machine a toy or a business tool? It may not be wise to mix the two roles.
  8. Tighten up your browser security - eg. Firefox with Adblock+ and NoScript.
  9. Try a more secure Operating System, Linux being a fine example, with some variants (distributions) specifically offering secure browsing facilities.

The Eval base64 hack

  • This is a common hack to osCommerce stores. If you see anything that looks like <?phpeval(base64_decode('aWYoZnVuY3Rpb25fZXhpc3RzKC … at the top of any of your files on the server then you need to wipe and reload.

Check this if you want to pay with different payment method

  • Another hack which inserts an iframe and tries to send customers credit card details to a third party tracker … once card details are sent then it pushes client through to official payment gateway so store owner will be unaware.
  • You will find additional code inserted in templates/fallback/checkout_payment.tpl.php file which is generating the iframe inside a base64 string. Remove this code immediately.
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v2.5/setting_up_security.txt · Last modified: 2015/12/13 11:24 by pgmarshall
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